Human Clinical Research
Older Men & Women (60-75 years old)
Effects of Fortetropin on the Rate of Muscle Protein Synthesis in Older Men and Women: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study.
Background: Fortetropin is a proteo-lipid complex made from fertilized egg yolk and, in young men, has been shown to increase lean body mass.
Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 21 days of Fortetropin supplementation on the fractional synthetic rate (FSR) of muscle protein in 10 healthy, older men and 10 women (66.4 ± 4.5 y). We used 2H2O labeling to measure FSR of multiple muscle protein ontologies. D3-creatine dilution was used to determine muscle mass at baseline. Subjects ingested 70% 2H2O for 21 day and saliva samples were collected to determine body 2H2O enrichment. A microbiopsy was obtained from the m. vastus lateralis on Day 21. Subjects were randomly assigned to Fortetropin (19.8 g/d) or placebo (cheese powder, 19.8 g/d).
Young Men (18-21 years old)
The Effects of Fortetropin Supplementation on Body Composition, Strength, and Power in Humans and Mechanism of Action in a Rodent Model
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Fortetropin on skeletal muscle growth and strength in resistance-trained individuals and to investigate the anabolic and catabolic signaling effects using human and rodent models.